Studi Konvergensi dan Divergensi Pengetahuan dan Tatanilai Warga Desa Girikerto Kecamatan Turi Sleman Terhadap Gunung Merapi Pasca-Letusan 2010
Penulis: Yusdani, Imam Samroni, Lujianto
Pusat Studi Islam Universitas Islam Indonesia
The qualitative study answered the questions about (1) the knowledge and the value system of Girikerto villagers after the eruption of Merapi Mountain in 2010 and (2) the convergence and the divergence of the knowledge and the value system of the villagers after the eruption of Merapi Mountain in 2010.
The following conclusions were drawn by conducting survey, participatory observation, in-depth interview, in-field note taking, and triangulation. First, the source of the information of Merapi status referred to the government with non-optimal management in disseminating the information to the villagers. The existing emergency response condition justified the absence of sufficient control groups. There was uneven distribution of the resources informing a religion that awaken the villagers after the eruption. They needed a religion that played common role in finding common solutions for their daily life problems. There was also a shift from “government” to “governance”. State apparatus did not present when the volcano erupted. They only visited and accosted the villagers in evacuation barracks. Also, the village government did not function optimally after the eruption. The main information about support and assistance management and the up-to-date status of the volcano was provided by volunteers and non-government organizations. Second, there was a convergence of the knowledge and the value system of the villagers concerning with the statement about the existing refugees and their life arrangement. Meanwhile, the divergence took place to the knowledge and the value system of the villagers concerning with the impression of the matters appertaining to having a religion and of the actors or the social order in refuge management.
The study recommended the followings: First, the villagers were likely to refer to the information provided by the government, in-field facts, and personal apprehension (e.g., dreams, etc.) in having certain attitude and in taking certain action. It was necessary to conduct a study of the social transformation of a number of local wisdoms. Second, there was a need to establish the position and the role of religions in disaster condition. It was necessary to organize the religious learning that awakened the villagers in finding the solutions of the existing problems. Third, the non-optimal function of the village government in delivering services for the interests and the prosperity of the villagers illustrated the real condition of the implementation of the government policy of village autonomy, while the role of the government was taken over by non-government organizations. It was necessary to organize agricultural problem management and to find solutions for the agricultural problems and also the management of public structures and infrastructures for the villagers’ life.